Hepatitis B is a virus that assaults the liver and causes acute and persistent illness. Sufferers with acute hepatitis B get higher on their very own, however persistent hepatitis B is a serious reason behind end-stage liver illness. It progresses to cirrhosis and liver most cancers. Subsequently, early detection of hepatitis B virus and immediate therapy are of significant significance. The medicine will Decelerate the development to cirrhosis Forestall liver failure Forestall growth of liver most cancers There are a number of completely different medicines that are used to deal with Hepatitis B 1. Lamivudine It’s a nucleoside analog. A nucleoside analog is much like nucleotides that are included into viral DNA. They act as terminators of DNA replication. It’s taken orally, as soon as a day. By no means miss a dose as this may end up in the virus creating resistance. A headache, tiredness, abdomen discomfort and growth of rashes are some undesirable unwanted side effects of lamivudine. Consumption of alcohol is forbidden with lamivudine. Moms breastfeeding infants are by no means prescribed Lamivudine. 2. Adefovir It’s a nucleoside analog which stops replication of hepatitis B virus. That is significantly helpful in these sufferers who’ve developed resistance to Lamivudine. A headache, abdomen ache, and nausea are widespread unwanted side effects. It’s contraindicated throughout being pregnant and breastfeeding. Adefovir isn’t prescribed to sufferers with compromised kidney perform. three. Entecavir It’s a prescription drug used to scale back the quantity of hepatitis B virus within the blood and stop it from multiplying and infecting new liver cells. It’s taken orally for a long run. The an infection could worsen on discontinuing Entecavir, so do not cease the medication with out consulting your doctor. Frequent unwanted side effects embrace weak point, nausea, muscle ache and abdomen discomfort. Inform your physician, in case you plan to get pregnant whereas on this treatment. four. Ricovir (Tenofovir) It’s a class of antiviral drug referred to as reverse transcriptase inhibitor. It really works by blocking the protein accountable for replication of the virus. This has superior antiviral properties as in comparison with adefovir. It’s taken orally as soon as a day for a minimum of 1 12 months. It might probably trigger gasoline, nausea, vomiting, weight reduction and dizziness in some sufferers. Ricovir is protected to make use of throughout being pregnant however is contraindicated whereas breastfeeding. 5. Interferons It’s a artificial copy of a protein that the physique makes in response to an infection. They had been one of many first medicine accepted for therapy of hepatitis. They work by inhibiting the exercise of virus and by serving to the immune system struggle the virus. It’s given as an intravenous injection thrice per week. The therapy can final from four months as much as 1 12 months, relying on the exercise of hepatitis B virus. There isn’t any treatment for hepatitis B however with medicines, the signs may be managed. You will need to carefully monitor liver perform with common (6 month-to-month) liver perform exams. The choice on which medication to take is advanced and needs to be made in session together with your physician.